In 2017, the White House published their National Security Strategy.
For decades, U.S. policy was rooted in the belief that support for China’s rise and for its integration into the post-war international order would liberalize China.
Contrary to our hopes, China expanded its power at the expense of the sovereignty of others.
China gathers and exploits data on an unrivaled scale and spreads features of its authoritarian system, including corruption and the use of surveillance.
It is building the most capable and well-funded military in the world, after our own.
Its nuclear arsenal is growing and diversifying.
Part of China’s military modernization and economic expansion is due to its access to the U.S. innovation economy, including America’s world-class universities.
Competitors such as China steal U.S. intellectual property valued at hundreds of billions of dollars.
Stealing proprietary technology and early-stage ideas allows competitors to unfairly tap into the innovation of free societies.
In 2018 they published a separate report:
How China’s Economic Aggression Threatens the Technologies and Intellectual Property of the United States and the World.
The title says it all.
Initially, the U.S. stood alone on the global stage in “standing up to China”.
The criticism was relentless.
The U.S had “abandoned their global leadership role” at a critical time.
Trump’s “reckless” trade war was backfiring.
Just look at how perspectives have changed since….